Old Occupations

Accomptant---- Accountant

Almoner---- Giver of charity to the needy

Amanuensis---- Secretary or stenographer

Artificer---- A soldier mechanic who does repairs

Bailie-- Bailiff

Baxter--- Baker

Bluestocking---- Female writer

Boniface---- Keeper of an inn

Brazier---- One who works with brass

Brewster--- Beer manufacturer

Brightsmith --- Metal Worker

Burgonmaster---- Mayor

Caulker----- One who filled up cracks (in ships or windows) or seems to make them watertight by using tar or oakum-hemp fiber produced by taking old ropes apart

Chaisemaker---- Carriage maker

Chandler---- Dealer or trader; one who makes or sells candles; retailer of groceries

Chiffonnier---- Wig maker

Clark--- Clerk

Clerk--- Clergyman, cleric

Clicker--- The servant of a salesman who stood at the door to invite customers; one who received the matter in the galley from the compositors and arranged it in due form ready for printing; one who makes eyelet holes in boots using a machine which clicked.

Cohen--- Priest

Collier --- Coal miner

Colporteur--- Peddler of books

Cooper--- One who makes or repairs vessels made of staves & hoops, such as casks, barrels, tubs, etc.

Cordwainer --- Shoemaker, originally any leather worker using leather from Cordova/Cordoba in Spain

Costermonger--- Peddler of fruits and vegetables

Crocker --- Potter

Crowner --- Coroner

Currier--- One who dresses the coat of a horse with a curry comb; one who tanned leather by incorporating oil or grease

Docker --- Stevedore, dock worker who loads and unloads cargo

Dowser--- One who finds water using a rod or witching stick

Draper--- A dealer in dry goods

Drayman --- One who drives a long strong cart without fixed sides for carrying heavy loads

Dresser--- A surgeon's assistant in a hospital

Drover --- One who drives cattle, sheep, etc. to market; a dealer in cattle

Duffer --- Peddler

Factor--- Agent, commission merchant; one who acts or transacts business for another; Scottish steward or bailiff of an estate

Farrier--- A blacksmith, one who shoes horses

Faulkner --- Falconer

Fell monger --- One who removes hair or wool from hides in preparation for leather making

Fletcher --- One who made bows and arrows

Fuller--- One who fulls cloth;one who shrinks and thickens woolen cloth by moistening, heating, and pressing; one who cleans and finishes cloth

Goaler--- A keeper of the goal, a jailer

Glazier--- Window glassman

Hacker --- Maker of hoes

Hatcheler--- One who combed out or carded flax

Haymonger --- Dealer in hay

Hayward --- Keeper of fences

Higgler--- Itinerant peddler

Hillier --- Roof tiler

Hind--- A farm laborer

Holster --- A groom who took care of horses, often at an inn

Hooker--- Reaper

Hooper--- One who made hoops for casks and barrels

Huckster --- Sells small wares from a wagon/cart

Husbandman--- A farmer who cultivated the land

Jagger --- Fish peddler

Journeyman--- One who had served his apprenticeship and mastered his craft, not bound to serve a master, but hired by the day

Joyner / Joiner--- A skilled carpenter

Keeler --- Bargeman

Kempster --- Wool comber

Lardner --- Keeper of the cupboard

Lavender --- Washer woman

Lederer--- Leather maker

Leech --- Physician

Longshoreman --- Stevedore

Lormer--- Maker of horse gear

Malender --- Farmer

Maltster --- Brewer

Manciple --- A steward

Mason --- Bricklayer

Mintmaster --- One who issued local currency

Monger --- Seller of goods (ale, fish)

Muleskinner --- Teamster

Neatherder--- Herds cows

Ordinary Keeper --- Innkeeper with fixed prices

Pattern Maker --- A maker of a clog shod with an iron ring. A clog was a wooden pole with a pattern cut into the end

Peregrinator --- Itinerant wanderer

Peruker--- A wig maker

Pettifogger--- A shyster lawyer

Pigman --- Crockery dealer

Plumber --- One who applied sheet lead for roofing and set lead frames for plain or stained glass windows.

Porter --- Door keeper

Puddler --- Wrought iron worker

Quarrier --- Quarry worker

Rigger --- Hoist tackle worker

Ripper --- Seller of fish

Roper --- Maker of rope or nets

Saddler --- One who makes, repairs or sells saddles or other furnishings for horses

Sawbones --- Physician

Sawyer --- One who saws; carpenter

Schumacker --- Shoemaker

Scribler --- A minor or worthless author

Scrivener --- Professional or public copyist or writer; notary public

Scrutiner --- Election judge

Shrieve --- Sheriff

Slater --- Roofer

Slopseller --- Seller of ready-made clothes in a slop shop

Snobscat / Snob --- One who repaired shoes

Sorter--- Tailor

Spinster --- A woman who spins or an unmarried woman

Spurrer --- Maker of spurs

Squire --- Country gentleman; farm owner; justice of peace

Stuff gown --- Junior barrister

Stuff gownsman--- Junior barrister

Supercargo--- Officer on merchant ship who is in charge of cargo and the commercial concerns of the ship

Tanner--- One who tans (cures) animal hides into leather

Tapley--- One who puts the tap in an ale cask

Tasker--- Reaper

Teamster --- One who drives a team for hauling

Thatcher--- Roofer

Tide waiter --- Customs inspector

Tinker --- Am itinerant tin pot and pan seller and repairman

Tipstaff --- Policeman

Travers --- Toll bridge collection

Tucker --- Cleaner of cloth goods

Turner --- A person who turns wood on a lathe into spindles

Victualer--- A tavern keeper, or one who provides an army, navy, or ship with food supplies

Vulcan --- Blacksmith

Wagoner --- Teamster not for hire

Wainwright --- Wagon maker

Waiter --- Customs officer or tide waiter; one who waited on the tide to collect duty on goods brought in

Waterman --- Boatman who plies for hire

Webster --- Operator of looms

Wharfinger --- Owner of a wharf

Wheelwright --- One who made or repaired wheels; wheeled carriages, etc.

Whitesmith --- Tinsmith; worker of iron who finishes or polishes the work

Whitewing --- Street sweeper

Whitster --- Bleach of cloth

Wright --- Workman, especially a construction worker

Yeoman --- Farmer who owns his own land